Das Deutsche Bank Projekt mit dem Wasser Kraftwerk in Kalivaci

Eines der Betrugs Projekte, mit der italienischen- Albanischen Mafia, wo die Deutsche Bank sich schon zurück gezogen hat vor Jahren. Eine Lizenz besteht seit 1997, 3 mal wurden die vertraglichen Termine rund um Betrug gebrochen, bis die Deutsche Bank sich aus dem Projekt zurückzog in 2009.

Ghost HPP in Kalivac

In 1997, the Albanian government licensed an Italian company (Becchetti) to build the first concessionary hydropower plant in Albania. According to the agreement, the 93 MW HPP should be complete in 2002 in Kalivac, and produce 350 million KW\h annually.

The project that started 16 years ago violated three legal deadlines. In 2000 Becchetti had not started the works on terrain, and the government renegotiated the agreement with the condition to include another investor, since Becchetti had no financial guarantee. But the constructions did not start even this time.

In 2005, the new government led by the Democratic Party warned that the concession would be removed.

“I sent an almost ultimatum to the firm to reconfirm the technical and financial capacities, or we would change agreement”, Ruli declared in November 2006, then Minister of Economy.

The threat remained only a declaration. The agreement was renegotiated and the deadline was postponed until 2011. The government claimed that the agreement improved, making clear the responsibilities of each party, so that the construction would not be delayed. The state decided to expropriate and remove the license, if the company would not realize the investments.

During the negotiations, Becchetti included in the project the renowned German bank “Deutsche Banka”, which bought 45% of the shares. The inclusion of this bank increased the hopes for an end to the lies and delays. Deutsche Bank funded the works for two years, until 2009, and then left due to problems with Becchetti.

After the Germans left, the fate of Kalivac seemed sealed. The HPP remained only on paper and with many problems behind. Last year, a sub-contractual company sued Becchetti for a 2.5 million EUR due payment, saying that were not been able to pay their workers for the job done.

“They don’t pay. They lie! There’s no work to do, no money and we don’t know what will happen with us”, one of the workers declared.

The third deadline of the concession also expired and there’s no one to be held accountable. Kalivac should produce 35 million USD annually, some of which would go to the state budget. But this concession is not the first case when licensed companies withhold our national assets. There are hundreds of HPPs where works have been delayed, causing large damages to the economy, not only for the produced energy, but also for employment and money.  http://www.top-channel.tv/english/artikull.php?id=8303

Kalivac, hidrocentrali fantazmë

Në vitin 1997, Qeveria e asaj kohe i dha një kompanie italiane me emrin beccheti licencën për ndërtimin e hidrocentralit të parë me koncesion në Shqipëri, atë të Kalivacit. Sipas kontratës vepra me fuqi 93 mega duhet të përfundonte në vitin 2002. HEC-i duhet te prodhonte 350 milionë kilovat orë energji në vit.

Projekti i nisur 16 vjet më parë ka shkelur tre herë afatet ligjore. Në vitin 2000, pasi po përfundonte afati i parë dhe ‚Beccheti‘ nuk kishte kryer asnjë pune në terren qeveria rinegocoi kontratën duke vendosur kusht që në projekt të hynte edhe një tjetër investitor, pasi ‚Beccheti‘ nuk kishte garanci financiare. Por punimet nuk nisën as këtë herë.

Në 2005-ën në pushtet erdhi Qeveria e re e demokratëve, që paralajmëroi heqjen e koncesionit.

„I kam dërguar një letër gati ultimative firmës për t’i kërkuar të na rikonfirmojë gjithë kapacitetet teknike dhe financiare që ajo ka për ta vazhduar këtë koncesion, në rast të kundërt ne do të detyrohemi të ndërrojmë kontratë“, pati deklaruar Genc Ruli në nëntorin e vitit 2006, në atë kohë ministër Ekonomie.

Kërcënimi mbeti vetëm deklaratë. Ajo që ndodhi ishte një tjetër rinegocim i kontratës, me një tjetër shtyrje afati, këtë herë deri në vitin 2011. Në atë kohë Qeveria pretendoi se e përmirësoi kontraten duke qartësuar përgjegjësitë për secilën palë, me qëllim që ndertimi të mos zvarritej më tej. Shteti mori persiper shpronësimet dhe lejet e digave, ndërsa kompania duhej të kryente investimet ose do t’i hiqej licenca.

Pas rinegocimit ‚Beccheti‘ afroi në projekt bankën e njohur gjemane ‚Deutcshe Banka‘, e cila bleu 45 për qind të aksioneve të hidrocentralit……. http://www.top-channel.tv/artikull.php?id=251932

One Response to “Das Deutsche Bank Projekt mit dem Wasser Kraftwerk in Kalivaci”

  1. Insider sagt:

    Kalivaci deadlines expired
    20/02/2013 19:45

    The National Agency of Natural Resources (NANR) has a report on the work progress of the first Hydropower plant given through a concession in Albania, the Kalivaci HPP.

    The document dated 12 June 2012, sent to the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Energy, concludes that the Italian “Becheti” has not realized most of the works, while the HPP should had started working by now.

    But the most concerning problem about this project is the fact that the company doesn’t own an implementation project signed by the planner, as the conditions obliged them, and no date is decided for the starting of the works.

    The concessionary company has not filed the act that signs the date when the works have started, but the maximal deadline for them to hand over the document is 30 days after the permit is given.

    NANR emphasizes that the Italian company has sent a document showing that the site observation have ended on 2 February 2008. The document is signed by a topographer, the construction site director and the Gjirokaster Urban Director, but not by the supervisor of the works.

    NANR says that they have inspected the site several times, and have noted the several problems that were seen. They asked the Italian company to provide the respective documentation, but they have received no answer.

    At this point it was up to the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Energy to explain the Kalivac situation. These conclusions were made public after the news report broadcast on Top Channel, showing that all deadlines for the construction of the HPP had expired, although the negotiations for the agreement were held three times.

    The German investor Deutsche Bank has withdrawn in the third time, because they had no more interests in renewable energies, according to a representative of Becheti.

    Becheti and Enel, a renowned Italian energy company, had been seeing each other in long trials for interrupting the agreement for the Kalivaci concession. Another Albanian subcontractor had sued the Italian company, claiming that they were not paid for the work.

    Becheti declared that the news was not true, incomplete and far from the reality. Top Channel tried to speak with the leaders of the company, but they refused to answer.

    Hydropower Struggle: Dams Threaten Europe’s Last Wild Rivers

    By Philip Bethge
    Photo Gallery: A Threat to Nature in the Balkans Photos
    Ulrich Eichelmann / RiverWatch

    Europe’s last remaining wild rivers flow through the Balkans, providing stunning scenery and habitat to myriad plants and animals. But hundreds of dam projects threaten to do irreparable harm to the region’s unique biospheres — to provide much needed electricity to the people who live there.

    How did Europe’s rivers look before they were tamed — back when they were allowed to flow freely through the beds they spent centuries carving out?

    Most of the Continent’s waterways, like the Elbe, the Rhine and the Danube, have long since been hemmed in. But examples of Europe’s largely vanished wilderness remain. Such as the Vjosë, which flows unfettered through its valley in southwestern Albania, splitting off into tributaries that once again flow together in a constant game of give-and-take with solid ground.

    „With every flood, the Vjosë shifts its course,“ says Ulrich Eichelmann, a conservationist with the organization RiverWatch, as he looks across to the narrow ribbon of alluvial forest that clings to the side of the valley. „The river fills the entire valley,“ says the 52-year-old. „Such a thing in Europe can only be found here, in the Balkans.“ Then he pauses. On the opposite shore, a cormorant takes flight.

    The Vjosë: 270 kilometers (168 miles) of river landscape, from the Pindus Mountains of Greece all the way down to the Adriatic Sea. Not a single dam disturbs the water’s course. No concrete bed directs its flow. And every pebble tells a story, says Eichelmann — of pristine mountain enclaves, of waterfalls, gorges and lakes.

    The ‚Blue Heart of Europe‘

    The Vjosë is not alone. Several crystal clear, untamed rivers rush through many countries in the region. „The blue heart of Europe beats in the Balkans,“ says Eichelmann, who, together with environmental organization EuroNatur, works to preserve these natural water systems.

    Experts say that approximately 80 percent of rivers in the Balkans remain in good or very good ecological condition — a paradise for fish, freshwater molluscs, snails and insects.

    But Europe’s last wild rivers are now at risk. More than 570 large dams, complete with hydroelectric power plants (each with a capacity of more than one megawatt), are planned for the region (see graphic).

    With money from international financial institutions — among them Deutsche Bank, the World Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) — dam construction is well underway.

    Eichelmann describes a „gold rush mentality,“ with the „hydro-lobby“ grasping for the last untapped energy market in Europe. Just before the Balkan states are forced to comply with ecological regulations as part of the process of joining the European Union, the industry is trying to establish a fait accompli: „Something that has long been banned in the EU, they’re now trying quickly to pull off in the Balkans,“ says Eichelmann. It’s a sell-off of untouched nature in the name of green energy and climate protection.

    Albanian Building Boom

    In Albania, the taming of wild waterways is already in full swing. The poverty-stricken country is currently in the grips of a construction boom. Three large dams have already been completed on the Drin River in the north. The Norwegian company Statkraft has acquired concessions for construction on the Devoll River. And the Vjosë, too, is under threat. Eight dams are planned. One is already under construction, where the river squeezes through a narrow gap near the village of Kalivaç. Excavators there haul heaps of gravel and sand; the dam is to be nearly 50 meters high and 350 meters wide (165 by 1,150 feet).

    The man behind the construction of this dam is an Italian named Francesco Becchetti. Back in Italy, the 47-year-old owns a construction and waste removal empire. He also owns an Albanian television station. Those wishing to meet him must first submit to screening at the hands of one of his TV journalists, before being escorted down a dusty road to Kalivaç. There, the industrialist waits with his entourage — over a dozen sturdy men crowded around a bevy of expensive sedans.

    At the office unit on the construction site, Becchetti shows his plans for the Vjosë dam. He’s brought along a thick stack of expert reports. His project has already swallowed up €70 million ($93 million) he says, including money from Deutsche Bank. Meanwhile the financial institution has backed out of the joint venture.

    During the walk to the half-finished construction site, the conversation turns to the Vjosë. Is Becchetti aware that he is dealing with one of Europe’s last remaining wild rivers? No, answers the builder. „The dam won’t be a problem for the environment,“ he says, „somebody had to explain this to me first, but we will add some steps for trout.“

    A fishladder for trout? To mitigate the total loss of a unique habitat? From the perspective of ecologists, it sounds like a bad joke. „If the Vjosë degenerates into a chain of reservoirs,“ fears Spase Shumka, from the department of natural sciences at the Agricultural University of Tirana, „the eel and mullet here, for example, would not be able to survive.“ The fish, endangered throughout Europe, currently migrate up to 200 kilometers (124 miles) up the Vjosë.

    Countless birds, such as little ringed plovers, little egrets and great egrets are dependent on the rivers‘ floodplains, says Shumka. And many fish species found only in the Balkans, such as the Pindus stone loach, could be brought to the brink of extinction.

    No Choice but Hydropower?

    In the Albanian capital of Tirana, however, it quickly becomes clear that nature conservancy is not high on the Albanian government‘ priority list.

    Minister of Energy and Industry Damian Gjiknuri lives in the government quarter along Dëshmorët e Kombit Boulevard. He made an honest effort during his first few months in office to raise understanding for nature conservation. But the country’s energy supply is an issue closer to his heart.

    „Albania is still importing 35 to 40 percent of its electricity needs,“ says Gjiknuri. In order to change that, Albania has no other choice but to pursue hydroelectric power. The potential is enormous: „We have the possibility to generate 10 times more electricity from hydropower.“

    For the same reason, the state-owned energy company Elektrani na Makedonija (ELEM) wants to build two dams in neighboring Macedonia — in the middle of a national park.

    The 73,000-hectare (180,000-acre) Mavrovo nature reserve lies on the border of Albania and Kosovo and is one of the oldest national parks in Europe. It contains old-growth beech forests, where wolves and bears still prowl. Its streams are home to otters, trout and freshwater crayfish. The pride of the region is the Balkan lynx; only about 50 specimens of the feline species continue to roam the woods — extinction is well in sight.

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    Part 1: Dams Threaten Europe’s Last Wild Rivers
    Part 2: Damming the Biosphere